Last Updated on May 9, 2023
by: Kimberly Davis
The decision to become a Green Beret is large and should be well thought out.
Green Berets are an elite and highly trained group of individuals who have worked hard to be where they are. Many different qualities are required of a person to make it through the arduous tasks put before them.
Special Forces training requires maturity, motivation, self-discipline, and, most importantly, dedication to succeed.
Special Forces Recruit (18X) Initial Training
The road to becoming a Green Beret begins with basic training. The Special Forces Recruit (18X) will be sent to Ft. Benning, GA, where he will go through specialized infantry training.
After the first nine weeks of initial infantry training, he will also begin his Advanced Individual Training (AIT) for infantry. After completing basic training and AIT successfully, a soldier will graduate and get a spot for Airborne school.
Basic Training (Infantry Training Brigade): 9 weeks – Ft. Benning, GA
Advanced Individual Training (Infantry Training- AIT): 4 weeks – Ft. Benning, GA
Airborne School: 3 weeks – Ft. Benning GA
Special Operations Preparation Course (SOPC):
Four weeks – Ft. Bragg, NC
- This preparation course is designed to get 18X’s ready for Special Forces Assessment & Selection (SFAS).
- It is not part of the qualification course and only one week of SOPC is required for an 18X to go into SFAS.
- While most 18X’s receive the full four weeks of SOPC, the number of weeks they finish training can be less depending on when the soldier arrives at Ft. Bragg, NC, to begin training.
Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC)
The Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC) consists of several vital training exercises for a future Special Forces soldier.
There are five phases to complete before a soldier graduates and is awarded the Green Beret and the Special Forces tab. The approximate length of training for the SFQC varies depending on the soldier’s language and MOS assignment.
MOS training will occur during Phase III, and language training will occur during Phase IV. All training for the SFQC will be at Ft. Bragg, NC.
Phase I – approx. three weeks
Special Forces Assessment & Selection (SFAS): 3 weeks
- After successfully completing SFAS, soldiers are given their language and military occupational specialty (MOS) assignments. The different MOS assignments are discussed during Phase III, and the languages are discussed during Phase IV.
- If a soldier is not selected to continue onto the next phase of the SFQC, he is either sent to another duty station to serve in an infantry or Airborne unit (18X), or he is sent back to his original duty station (prior service).
- Regardless of whether or not the soldier is prior service or an 18X, most men receive an invitation to try out for Special Forces again later.
Phase II – approx. 13 weeks
- Common Leader Training (CLT): 2 weeks
- Special Operations Preparation Course II (SOPC II): 3 weeks
- Small Unit Tactics (SUT): 5 weeks
- Survival, Evasion, Resistance & Escape (SERE): 3 weeks
Phase III- approx. 9 to 48 weeks (depending on MOS assignment) plus two weeks of assigned language training
The MOS assignments are given out after a soldier successfully completes the SFAS course.
Although some men are given “wish lists” where they can verbalize which MOS they prefer, the actual assignment is given according to how well certain tasks associated with certain MOSs were performed during SFAS.
Prior test scores are also taken into consideration. The Special Forces MOSs and length of training for each are as follows:
- Weapons Sergeant Course (18B): approx. Nine weeks
- Engineer Sergeant Course (18C): approx. 15 weeks
- Medical Sergeant Course (18D): approx. 46 weeks
- Communications Sergeant Course (18E): approx. 15 weeks
- Language Block I: 2 weeks
Phase IV – approx. 8 to 12 weeks (depending on language assignment)
A soldier’s language assignment is given out after successful completion of the SFAS course. Like the MOS assignments, test scores are considered when an assignment is made.
The languages and length of training for each are as follows:
- Category 1- Spanish and French: 8 weeks
- Category 2- German and Indonesian: 8 weeks
- Category 3- Persian-Farsi, Russian, and Tagalog: 12 weeks
- Category 4- Arabic, Korean, and Mandarin Chinese: 12 weeks
Phase V – 4 weeks
Unconventional Warfare Culmination Exercise/Robin Sage Course
- The Robin Sage exercise allows a soldier to utilize all of the skills acquired from the qualification course, the MOS training, and the language training.
Special Forces Regimental First Formation & Graduation
Once a soldier completes all five phases of the SFQC, he and his family are invited to attend a graduation event in which the history of the Regiment will be explained.
In addition to this, he will be a part of the formal issuing of the Green Beret. The coveted Special Forces tab will also be awarded, and the soldier will receive an assignment to a unit.